2012-02-03

Clonezilla and smartmontools (S.M.A.R.T.)

Some experience about getting S.M.A.R.T. data of a disk drives by smartctl with Live Linux (like Clonezilla).

“Start Clonezilla” window: Enter command line prompt.



$ sudo su -
Insert USB disk.
# tail -n 7 /var/log/messages
Feb  2 16:10:31 oneiric kernel: [  615.995968] USB Mass Storage support registered.
Feb  2 16:10:32 oneiric kernel: [  616.996886] scsi 4:0:0:0: Direct-Access     hp       v165w            0.00 PQ: 0 ANSI: 2
Feb  2 16:10:32 oneiric kernel: [  617.040526] sd 4:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg3 type 0
Feb  2 16:10:32 oneiric kernel: [  617.041683] sd 4:0:0:0: [sdc] 15773696 512-byte logical blocks: (8.07 GB/7.52 GiB)
Feb  2 16:10:32 oneiric kernel: [  617.042735] sd 4:0:0:0: [sdc] Write Protect is off
Feb  2 16:10:32 oneiric kernel: [  617.051708]  sdc: sdc1
Feb  2 16:10:32 oneiric kernel: [  617.065249] sd 4:0:0:0: [sdc] Attached SCSI removable disk
#
# mkdir /mnt/myf/
# mount -t vfat /dev/sdc1 /mnt/myf/

# smartctl --scan
/dev/sda -d scsi # /dev/sda, SCSI device
/dev/sdb -d scsi # /dev/sdb, SCSI device

See man smartctl about comand line switches of smartctl (tool of smartmontools). There is an output by --all switch below. See S.M.A.R.T. data description to understanding.
Probably, if you get something not like "SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED" (see --health switch) you need more attention or a new disk...

# smartctl --all /dev/sda >> /mnt/myf/report.txt
or
# smartctl --all /dev/sdb | less

smartctl 5.41 2011-06-09 r3365 [i686-linux-3.0.0-15-generic] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-11 by Bruce Allen, http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Western Digital Caviar SE Serial ATA
Device Model:     WDC WD1200JS-00MHB1
Serial Number:    WD-WCANP1044609
Firmware Version: 10.02E01
User Capacity:    120,034,123,776 bytes [120 GB]
Sector Size:      512 bytes logical/physical
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   7
ATA Standard is:  Exact ATA specification draft version not indicated
Local Time is:    Thu Feb  2 16:39:31 2012 UTC
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED
See vendor-specific Attribute list for marginal Attributes.

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x84) Offline data collection activity
     was suspended by an interrupting command from host.
     Auto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0) The previous self-test routine completed
     without error or no self-test has ever 
     been run.
Total time to complete Offline 
data collection:   ( 3660) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:     (0x7b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
     Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
     Suspend Offline collection upon new
     command.
     Offline surface scan supported.
     Self-test supported.
     Conveyance Self-test supported.
     Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003) Saves SMART data before entering
     power-saving mode.
     Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01) Error logging supported.
     General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine 
recommended polling time:   (   2) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time:   (  46) minutes.
Conveyance self-test routine
recommended polling time:   (   6) minutes.
SCT capabilities:         (0x103f) SCT Status supported.
     SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
     SCT Feature Control supported.
     SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000f   200   200   051    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0003   186   185   021    Pre-fail  Always       -       3700
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   099   099   000    Old_age   Always       -       1675
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   200   200   140    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x000f   200   200   051    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   081   081   000    Old_age   Always       -       13912
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0013   100   100   051    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 11 Calibration_Retry_Count 0x0012   100   100   051    Old_age   Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   099   099   000    Old_age   Always       -       1675
190 Airflow_Temperature_Cel 0x0022   047   039   045    Old_age   Always   In_the_past 53
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   094   086   000    Old_age   Always       -       53
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0012   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0010   200   200   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x003e   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
200 Multi_Zone_Error_Rate   0x0009   200   200   051    Pre-fail  Offline      -       0

SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
No self-tests have been logged.  [To run self-tests, use: smartctl -t]


SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

Make unmount before unplugging an USB disk.
# umount /mnt/myf/
# reboot